Differentially detected coherent population trapping resonances excited by orthogonally polarized laser fields

Michael Rosenbluh, Vishal Shah, Svenja Knappe, John Kitching

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate the excitation and low-noise differential detection of a coherent population trapping (CPT) resonance with two modulated optical fields with orthogonal circular polarizations. When a microwave phase delay of λ/4 is introduced in the optical path of one of the fields, the difference in the power transmitted through the cell in each polarization shows a narrow, dispersive resonance. The differential detection allows a high degree of suppression of laser-induced noise and will enable nearly shot-noise-limited operation of atomic frequency references and magnetometers based on CPT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6588-6594
Number of pages7
JournalOptics Express
Volume14
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

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