Differential role of specific PKC isoforms in the proliferation of glial cells and the expression of the astrocytic markers GFAP and glutamine synthetase

Chaya Brodie, Ina Kuperstein, Peter Acs, Peter M. Blumberg

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    45 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    In this study, we explored the role of specific protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms in glial cell proliferation and on the expression of the astrocytic markers GFAP and glutamine synthetase using C6 cells as a model. Analysis of the expression of the various PKC isoforms in control and differentiated C6 cells revealed differences in the expression of specific PKC isoforms. Undifferentiated C6 cells, which express low levels of GFAP and glutamine synthetase (GS), have high levels of PKCα and C6 whereas differentiated C6 cells, which express higher levels of both GFAP and GS have lower levels of PKCα and δ and higher levels of PKCγ, θ and η. Using C6 cells overexpressing specific PKC isoforms, we examined the role of these isoforms on the proliferation and differentiation of C6 cells. Cells overexpressing PKCα displayed a reduced level of GFAP, whereas GS expression was not affected. On the other hand, cells overexpressing PKCδ showed reduced GS expression but little effect on GFAP. Finally, cells expressing PKCγ displayed a marked increase in the levels of both GFAP and GS. The proliferation of C6 cells was increased in cells overexpressing PKCα and ε and decreased in cells overexpressing PKCγ, δ and η. The results of this study suggest that glial cell proliferation and astrocytic differentiation can be regulated by specific PKC isoforms that selectively affect cell proliferation and the expression of the two astrocytic markers GFAP and GS.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)108-117
    Number of pages10
    JournalMolecular Brain Research
    Volume56
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1998

    Keywords

    • Astrocytic differentiation
    • GFAP
    • Glutamine synthetase
    • Proliferation
    • Protein kinase C (PKC)

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