Differential coupling of D1 and D5 dopamine receptors to guanine nucleotide binding proteins in transfected GH4C1 rat somatomammotrophic cells

Kazuhiro Kimura, Shifra Sela, Claudia Bouvier, David K. Grandy, Anita Sidhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

D1 and D5 dopamine receptor genes, stably expressed in GH4C1 rat somatomammotrophic cells, display identical binding values and stimulate adenylate cyclase. Approximately 60% of D1 receptors were in the agonist high-affinity state and were converted to the low-affinity state by 100 μM guanyl-5'-ylimidodiphosphate [Gpp(NH)p]. Of the 48% of D5 receptors in the high-affinity state, only half were modulated by 100 μM Gpp(NH)p; in the presence of the G protein activator, AIF4 , the high-affinity sites of D5 receptors were abolished by Gpp(NH)p, suggesting tight coupling between D5 receptors and G proteins. The high-affinity sites of D1, but not D5, receptors were reduced after pertussis toxin treatment of cells. Thus, whereas D1 receptors in GH4C1 cells couple to both G(s) the G stimulatory protein, and a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein, D5 receptors couple to G5 and a pertussis toxin-insensitive G protein. Neither D1 nor D5 receptors were able to stimulate phosphoinositide metabolism in these cells. The ability of D5, but not D1, receptors to couple to novel G proteins may be significant in assigning a functional role for these receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2118-2124
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume64
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell transfection
  • Dopamine receptor
  • G protein
  • High-affinity binding sites
  • Pertussis toxin

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