Difference frequency generation of ultraviolet from x-ray pulses in opaque materials

E. Minerbi, S. Shwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We suggest a new approach for observing x-ray nonlinear wave mixing in opaque materials. We focus on difference frequency generation of ultraviolet radiation from two short x-ray pulses by measuring the depletion of the pumping pulses. Like other processes involving nonlinear interactions between x-rays and longer wavelengths, our method can lead to the development of a probe for spectroscopy of valence electrons at the atomic scale resolution. The two main advantages of the method we propose over the direct observation of the generated signal are the ability to probe the properties of materials at wavelengths where they are opaque and the higher predicted efficiency in the ultraviolet regime. We describe a possible experimental setup with realistic specifications optimized with respect to the characteristics of the input pulses. We expect that experimental observations of the effect will be feasible with the new emerging high-repetition-rate x-ray free-electron lasers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-630
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Israel Science Foundation (ISF) (201/17).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Optical Society of America.


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