Difference-frequency generation of optical radiation from two-color X-ray pulses

E. Shwartz, S. Shwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We describe the process of difference-frequency generation of short optical pulses from two-color X-ray pulses. By assuming 1011 photons per X-ray pulse, we predict that the optical count rate can exceed 107 photons per pulse. Similar to other effects involving nonlinear interactions of X-rays and optical radiation, the effect we describe can be used for microscopic studies of chemical bonds and as a probe for light-matter interactions on the atomic scale. Since the X-ray damage threshold is much higher than the optical damage threshold, the efficiency of differencefrequency generation from two X-ray pulses is expected to be orders of magnitude higher than the efficiency of effects such as sum/differencefrequency mixing between X-rays and optical intense short-pulse sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7471-7480
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Issue number6
StatePublished - 23 Mar 2015

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