Difference between zoom-based online versus classroom lesson plan performances in creativity and metacognition during COVID-19 pandemic

Rotem Maor, Rotem Levi, Zemira Mevarech, Nurit Paz-Baruch, Niv Grinshpan, Alex Milman, Sarit Shlomo, Michal Zion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The COVID-19 crisis has forced education systems around the world to switch hurriedly from learning in class to learning via online technology. One of the common platforms worldwide for teaching online was zoom. Working under uncertain conditions and facing rapid changes are characteristics of the twenty-first century. Coping adaptively with these challenges requires teachers to apply twenty-first century skills such as creativity and metacognition in their teaching. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether teachers integrate metacognition and creativity in their online lessons more than in classroom instruction. To examine the research question, we analyzed 50 lesson reports (25 for each learning environment) using a mixed-method design model. We used a performance assessment that was based on a creativity metacognitive teaching reports index. Teachers reported greater use of the 'debugging' metacognitive component in online lessons than in classroom lessons. Also, an online environment could provide a suitable platform for promoting students' learning process and encourage teachers to be more creative in terms of diversifying their teaching methods and developing student’s creativity. However, the originality component of creativity was less pronounced in online lesson reports. These results can contribute to the field of blended learning and to the literature dealing with the adaptation of teaching to learning environments in the twenty-first century in general and during pandemics in particular.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-822
Number of pages20
JournalLearning Environments Research
Issue number3
Early online date21 Feb 2023
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.


  • Classroom teaching
  • Creativity
  • Lesson plan performances
  • Metacognition
  • Zoom-based online teaching


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