Di-tert-butyl dicarbonate and 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine revisited. Their reactions with amines and alcohols

Yochai Basel, Alfred Hassner

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222 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reaction of BOC2O in the presence and absence of DMAP was examined with some amines, alcohols, diols, amino alcohols, and aminothiols. Often, unusual products were observed depending on the ratio of reagents, reaction time, polarity of solvent, pK(a) of alcohols, or type of amine (primary or secondary). In reactions of aliphatic alcohols with BOC2O/DMAP, we isolated for the first time carbonic-carbonic anhydride intermediates; this helps explain the formation of symmetrical carbonates in addition to the O-BOC products. In the case of secondary amines, we succeeded to isolate unstable carbamic-carbonic anhydride intermediates that in the presence of DMAP led to the final N-BOC product. The effect of N-methylimidazole in place of DMAP was also examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6368-6380
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume65
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Oct 2000

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