Development and use of the california healthy kids survey military module to support students in military-connected schools

Tamika D. Gilreath, Joey Nuñez Estrada, Diana Pineda, Rami Benbenishty, Ron Avi Astor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This article describes the development and use of the California Healthy Kids Survey Military Module to provide data about military-connected (MC) students and potential differential educational experiences of military versus nonmilitary youths and their families. Three military modules were developed and pilot tested and are now available for use statewide. These modules elicited information from students, parents, and school staff. Inquiries focused on issues relevant to MC students and explored their behavioral health risks, perceptions of school climate and resources, and mobility and deployment experiences. The process of creating these modules incorporated feedback from each of the targeted populations and a review of what is currently known about schools that serve military families. Results of this large-scale epidemiological study provide impetus for further research to elucidate experiences of MC youths. The project identifies and provides an empirical base to drive decision making on appropriate supports for military students. Results are used to identify needs and resources and assist the districts and principals in understanding the characteristics of the students and families they serve to increase optimal programming implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-29
Number of pages7
JournalChildren and Schools
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The nation’s largest continuous school public health surveillance system is the California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS). The survey was originally funded by the CDE to meet the requirements of Title IV of No Child Left Behind and in response to federal requirements that schools implement the principles of effectiveness—to collect and use data to assess student needs, justify program funding, guide program development, and monitor progress in achieving program goals. In mandating the survey, CDE aimed to promote accountability and data-driven decision making to improve health and prevention programs in schools. The CHKS is conducted in more than 7,600 schools in 833 districts in California. WestED—a nonprofit research organization—and the CDE implement the data collection plan for the CHKS.


  • California Healthy Kids Survey
  • military module
  • military students
  • parents
  • school staff


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