Determining the Electrochemical Oxygen Evolution Reaction Kinetics of Fe3S4@Ni3S2 Using Distribution Function of Relaxation Times

Bibhudatta Malik, Kalimuthu Vijaya Sankar, Rajashree Konar, Yoed Tsur, Gilbert Daniel Nessim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We designed a heterostructure of Fe3S4@Ni3S2, as a potent oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalyst in an alkaline medium. Intriguingly, Fe3S4@Ni3S2 exhibits low onset potential of 290 mV and overpotential of 360 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm−2. We examined the OER kinetics of Fe3S4@Ni3S2 using distribution function of relaxation times (DFRT), which are attained with the help of impedance spectroscopy genetic programming (ISGP). ISGP reveals the occurrences of three events of OER, manifested as peaks in the DFRT, such as active material or pores (P2), charge transfer (P1’), and production rate of intermediates (P1) in case of Fe3S4@Ni3S2 at different faradic overpotentials. The effective resistance of each phenomenon can be easily calculated. It decreases with an increase in conductivity at high overpotentials for all the three, which suggests the high performance of the as-synthesized composite due to faster kinetics. Further, structural investigation of the catalyst employing x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is elaborated and it is suggested that the catalyst activation takes place by the constant exchange of anions between electrode and electrolyte during electrochemical oxidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-523
Number of pages7
JournalChemElectroChem
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH

Keywords

  • distribution function of relaxation times
  • electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • equivalent circuit
  • impedance spectroscopy genetic programming
  • oxygen evolution reaction

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