Depletion of human lymphocytes from peripheral blood and bone marrow by affinity ligands conjugated to agarose-polyacrolein microsphere beads

L. Weiss, S. Margel, S. Slavin

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Protein-A or goat anti-mouse-Ig (GAMIg) covalently bound to agarose-polyacrolein microsphere beads (APAMB) were employed for the removal of T cells from human peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) and bone marrow (BM). The cell suspensions were treated with a monoclonal anti-T cell antibody (Leu-1) or monoclonal antilymphocyte antibody (CAMPATH-1) and passed through the conjugated APAMB columns. Cell separation efficacy was determined by assaying the number and function of T cells in the final cell preparation in comparison with a sample of unseparated cells. The number of cells that form rosettes (E-RFC) with sheep red blood cells (SRBC) in a sample of PBL treated with anti-Leu-1 antibodies and subsequently passed once through GAMIg-conjugated APAMB dropped from a range of 41.5-86.0% to a range of 1.6-13.3%. The in vitro response to concanavalin-A (Con-A) dropped to a range of 0.7-27.2% (GAMIg) and a range of 1.2-21.8% (protein-A column) of the response of untreated PBL. Treatment with CAMPATH-1 antibody and passage through a protein-A-conjugated APAMB reduced E-RFC from a range of 55.6-57.4% to a range of 3.2-3.9% and abolished the Con-A induced proliferative responsiveness to background levels. Treatment of BM cells with CAMPATH-1 and passage of the cells through either GAMIg or protein-A conjugated APAMB columns resulted in reduction of E-RFC from a range of 12.4-17.7% to a range of 0-1% and from a range of 17.7-19% to a range of 1.6-3.2%, respectively. Viability of BM precursors, determined by the CFU-GM assay in semisolid medium, was not affected by these cell separation procedures. The data suggest that protein-A or GAMIg-conjugated APAMB columns may be a useful tool for separation of BM cell suspensions into specific cell subsets that can be defined by monoclonal antibodies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-96
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1986
Externally publishedYes


  • Cell fractionation using immunoadsorbent agarose-polyacrolein beads
  • bone marrow cells
  • colony forming units (CFU-GM)
  • depletion of T cells from human marrow
  • goal anti-mouse immunoglobulin
  • monoclonal anti-T cell antibody (Leu-1)
  • monoclonal antilymphocyte antibody (CAM-PATH-1)
  • protein A


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