Dependable distributed testing: Can the online proctor be reliably computerized?

Ariel J. Frank

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Distributed Education (DE) enables education, both teaching and learning, anytime, anywhere, using any media or modality, at any pace. Assessment, especially testing, is a major component in the overall evaluation of an educational program. However, there still is an important component missing from most DE programs to enable its full realization in a distributed environment: dependable distributed testing (DDT). The paper presents a comprehensive risk analysis of dependable distributed testing that classifies seven (types of) risks, introduces the resultant DoDoT (Dependable observable Distributed online Testing) reference model, and examines its coverage by three commercial systems. However, these systems are not yet in use in most DE frameworks and do not have yet full DoDoT coverage. The vision of the DoDoT reference model is the continued pursuit and adaptation of new, innovative technologies and methods to make dependable distributed testing increasingly more computerized, reliable, affordable and prevalent.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICE-B 2010 - Proceedings of the International Conference on e-Business
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2010
EventInternational Conference on e-Business, ICE-B 2010 - Athens, Greece
Duration: 26 Jul 201028 Jul 2010

Publication series

NameICE-B 2010 - Proceedings of the International Conference on e-Business


ConferenceInternational Conference on e-Business, ICE-B 2010


  • Dependable distributed testing
  • Distributed education
  • Identity verification
  • Lockdown software
  • Online proctoring
  • Secure online testing
  • Test cheating
  • Test integrity
  • Testing management system


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