Degenerate two- and three-level systems in presence of longitudinal and transverse magnetic fields

A. D. Wilson-Gordon, L. Margalit, M. Rosenbluh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

We discuss the effect of static and time-dependent longitudinal and transverse magnetic fields on degenerate two-level and three-level systems in Rb atomic vapor. The effect of a transverse magnetic field (TMF) on the absorption spectra of degenerate two-level systems in the D2 line of 87Rb is investigated both analytically and numerically. We compare the effect of the TMF on the absorption of a σ polarized pump in the Hanle configuration with that of a σ- probe in the presence of a σ+ pump in the pump-probe configuration, and show that the absorption spectra in both configurations is split in the presence of a TMF and that the splitting is proportional to the magnitude of the TMF. Coherent population trapping (CPT) transients induced by a modulated longitudinal magnetic field (LMF) are investigated theoretically for a realistic three-level Λ system in the D1 line of 87Rb. The contributions to the transient probe absorption from the various subsystems that comprise the realistic atomic system are examined and the absorption of each Λ subsystem is compared to that of a simple Λ system. We also present theoretical results for CPT transients induced by a modulated TMF. The application of a TMF leads to the appearance of new Λ subsystems, the creation of new dark states and the rearrangement of the population among the Zeeman sublevels. We show that transients appear as the system is switched between various steady-state situations and we identify the various components of the total probe absorption.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication18th International School on Quantum Electronics
Subtitle of host publicationLaser Physics and Applications
EditorsAlexandros Serafetinides, Sanka Gateva, Tanja Dreischuh
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781628415636
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Event18th International School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications, ISQE 2014 - Sozopol, Bulgaria
Duration: 29 Sep 20143 Oct 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9447
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

Conference18th International School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications, ISQE 2014
Country/TerritoryBulgaria
CitySozopol
Period29/09/143/10/14

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 SPIE.

Keywords

  • Degenerate two-level systems
  • coherent population trapping
  • degenerate three-level systems
  • longitudinal magnetic field
  • modulated magnetic field
  • transverse magnetic field

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