Dark Triad Traits, Social Position, and Personality: A Cross-Cultural Study

Anton Aluja, Luis F. García, Jérôme Rossier, Fritz Ostendorf, Joseph Glicksohn, Barry Oumar, Tarek Bellaj, Willibald Ruch, Wei Wang, Zsuzsanna Suranyi, Dawid Ścigała, Đorđe Čekrlija, Adam W. Stivers, Lisa Di Blas, Mauricio Valdivia, Sonia Ben Jemaa, Kokou A. Atitsogbe, Michel Hansenne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research explores the Dark Triad traits in 18 cultures from Europe, America, Africa, and Asia. We examined the relationships among Dark Triad traits, as measured by the SD3, with gender, age, social status, and two personality models, HEXACO and Zuckerman’s alternative five factor model (AFFM). There were 10,298 participants (5,410 women and 4,888 men) with a mean age of 40.31 (SD = 17.32) years old. Between 6% and 16% of the variance in the Dark Triad traits was accounted by culture. Men scored higher than women on all three traits in most cultures, but gender differences were generally larger in European countries. The relationship between the Dark Triad traits dimensions and age is negative, but the largest effect size is small (Psychopathy; η2 =.018). Psychopathy is associated with low Social Position, and Narcissism with high Social Position. In regard to Personality traits, Narcissism is positively related to Extraversion, and Psychopathy is negatively related to Conscientiousness for the HEXACO, and Narcissism is positively related to Activity and Sensation Seeking, and Machiavellianism and Psychopathy are positively related to Aggressiveness and Sensation Seeking for the AFFM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-402
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume53
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.

Funding

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was funded by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (PID2019-103981RB-I00). We would like to thank Dr. Delroy L. Paulhus, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4 Canada, coauthor of Short Dark Triad (SD3), by overseeing back translations of different SD3 languages and their comments on the study. We also want to thank Dr. Peter Karl Jonason of the Western Sydney University, School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Australia, for his advice and suggestions on the study. Both researchers are experts in Dark Triad traits construct. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was funded by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (PID2019-103981RB-I00).

FundersFunder number
University of Western Sydney
Ministerio de Asuntos Económicos y Transformación Digital, Gobierno de EspañaPID2019-103981RB-I00

    Keywords

    • AFFM
    • Dark Triad traits
    • HEXACO
    • SD3
    • cross-cultural
    • personality

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