Crowding under scotopic and photopic vision in albino and normal-sighted participants

Avital Moshkovitz, Maria Lev, Uri Polat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Crowding is a phenomenon in which the ability to recognize an object in a clutter deteriorates. It is, therefore, a fundamental aspect of object recognition and crucial in deciphering resolution. For visually impaired individuals, deficiency in crowding has a tremendous effect on vision and may reflect and predict the amount of deterioration in vision. It is well established that albinos suffer much more from crowding than normally sighted individuals under daylight luminance conditions. However, to our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate crowding in albino participants under low light conditions. In this study, we explored the crowding effect in a group of albino participants (n = 9) and a control group of normally sighted participants (n = 9). Crowding was conducted under daylight (photopic vision) and low light (scotopic vision). We measured the visual acuity threshold under crowding in three-letter spacing (0.5, 1, and 1.5) and compared it to a single target. Results indicate that albino participants experienced stronger crowding than the control under the photopic condition, while crowding under the scotopic condition was apparent in the albino but abolished for the control group. These findings highlight the importance of considering luminance when discussing the visually impaired population in general. In particular, it suggests that crowding in albinism is based on a peripheral-like mechanism and may indicate a cessation in visual development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8234
Number of pages1
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 8 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024. The Author(s).


  • Albino
  • Crowding
  • Photopic
  • Scotopic


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