Correlation between fetal heart rate reactivity and mortality and severe neurological morbidity in extremely low birth weight infants

S. Eventov-Friedman, E. S. Shinwell, E. Barnea, O. Flidel-Rimon, A. Juster-Reicher, R. Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the correlation between specific fetal heart rate (FHR) abnormalities and the incidence of death, severe (grade 3-4) intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and periventricular echogenicity (PVE) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW) within the first 4 days after birth. Methods: The study included live-born ELBW infants ≤ 30 weeks' gestation who were born in 2000-2007 at Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel, and, who had FHR monitoring during the 24h before delivery and cranial ultrasound during the first 4 days of life. FHR pattern was analyzed for the presence of baseline rate, reactivity, variability and decelerations. Results: 96 infants with mean birth weight 757±150g and mean gestational age 25.8±1.5 weeks were included. By 4 days of life, 23/96 (24%) died, 17/96 (18%) developed severe IVH and 31/96 (32%) had PVE. Absence of reactivity was significantly associated with increase in both death (p=0.02, OR 3.45, 95% CI: 1.22-9.47 and severe IVH (p=0.029, OR 3.33, 95% CI: 1.25-10) but not with PVE. Other FHR parameters were not associated with adverse outcome. Conclusion: These results suggest that FHR reactivity may be of value in predicting short-term outcome in ELBW infants. This may be helpful in counseling parents with imminent extremely preterm birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-655
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Extremely low birth weight infants
  • Fetal heart rate monitoring
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage
  • Periventricular echogenicity
  • Periventricular leukomalacia

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