Correlated polarization switching in the proximity of a 180°domain wall

Vasudeva Rao Aravind, A. N. Morozovska, Saswata Bhattacharyya, D. Lee, S. Jesse, I. Grinberg, Y. L. Li, S. Choudhury, P. Wu, K. Seal, A. M. Rappe, S. V. Svechnikov, E. A. Eliseev, S. R. Phillpot, L. Q. Chen, Venkatraman Gopalan, S. V. Kalinin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


Domain-wall dynamics in ferroic materials underpins functionality of data storage and information technology devices. Using localized electric field of a scanning probe microscopy tip, we experimentally demonstrate a surprisingly rich range of polarization reversal behaviors in the vicinity of the initially flat 180°ferroelectric domain wall. The nucleation bias is found to increase by an order of magnitude from a two-dimensional (2D) nucleus at the wall to three-dimensional nucleus in the bulk. The wall is thus significantly ferroelectrically softer than the bulk. The wall profoundly affects switching on length scales on the order of micrometers. The mechanism of correlated switching is analyzed using analytical theory and phase-field modeling. The long-range effect is ascribed to wall bending under the influence of a tip with bias that is well below the bulk nucleation level at large distances from the wall. These studies provide an experimental link between the macroscopic and mesoscopic physics of domain walls in ferroelectrics and atomistic models of 2D nucleation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024111
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 27 Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes


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