Coronal tibiofemoral subluxation: A new measurement method

Saker Khamaisy, Hendrik A. Zuiderbaan, Ran Thein, Danyal H. Nawabi, Leo Joskowicz, Andrew D. Pearle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background: Coronal tibiofemoral (CTF) subluxation is a common finding in knee osteoarthritis (OA) which can be related to poor pain scores and tibial spine impingement. In this study we describe a new method for measuring CTF subluxation and present validation of the method using cadaveric knees. Methods: A prototype software code based on the ICP mathematical algorithm was developed to measure CTF subluxation; the code finds the rigid transformation that best aligns the articular surfaces, measures CTF subluxation and the angle between articular surfaces. For validation, three stripped fresh frozen cadaveric knee specimens were transfixed to a specially designed knee fixation device where tibiofemoral angle and CTF subluxation can be measured directly. Fluoroscopic images were obtained with the tibiofemoral joint in neutral alignment and with 5, 10 and 15 (mm) of medial and lateral subluxation. This procedure was repeated with a neutral tibiofemoral angle, 10° of varus and 10° of valgus. All images were analyzed independently by two investigators using the prototype software. Results: The interclass correlation coefficient between the two investigators for CTF subluxation and tibiofemoral angle was 0.93 and 0.99 respectively. The CTF subluxation and tibiofemoral angle measured by the software correlated to the CTF subluxation and tibiofemoral angle were defined using the knee fixation device, with Pearson product moments of 0.86 and 0.94 respectively. Conclusion: Our suggested prototype software is precise, repeatable and reliable at measuring CTF subluxation and tibiofemoral angle. It may prove to be a useful tool to evaluate CTF subluxation in a clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1069-1071
Number of pages3
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier B.V.


  • Iterative closest point
  • Knee osteoarthritis
  • Tibiofemoral joint
  • Tibiofemoral subluxation


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