Controllably Alloyed, Low Density, Free-standing Ni-Co and Ni-Graphene Sponges for Electrocatalytic Water Splitting

Thazhe Veettil Vineesh, Suhail Mubarak, Myung Gwan Hahm, V. Prabu, Subbiah Alwarappan, Tharangattu N. Narayanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synthesis of low cost, durable and efficient electrocatalysts that support oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) are the bottlenecks in water electrolysis. Here we propose a strategy for the development of controllably alloyed, porous, and low density nickel (Ni) and cobalt (Co) based alloys-whose electrocatalytic properties can be tuned to make them multifunctional. Ni and Co based alloy with the chemical structure of Ni 1 Co2 is identified as an efficient OER catalyst among other stoichiometric structures in terms of over potential @ 10 mAcm-2 (1.629 V), stability, low tafel slope (87.3 mV/dec), and high Faradaic efficiency (92%), and its OER performance is also found to be on par with the benchmarked IrO2. Tunability in the porous metal synthesis strategy allowed the incorporation of graphene during the Ni sponge formation, and the Ni-incorporated nitrogen doped graphene sponge (Ni-NG) is found to have very high HER activity. A water electrolysis cell fabricated and demonstrated with these freestanding electrodes is found to have high stability (>10 hours) and large current density (10 mAcm-2 @ 1.6 V), opening new avenues in the design and development of cost effective and light weight energy devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31202
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2016.

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