Contribution of personal and community resources to personal growth of mothers from Israel and Turkey

Bilgesu Kaçan-Bibican, Miriam Chasson, Orit Taubman–Ben-Ari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: The transition to parenthood is considered one of the most important milestones in a person’s life, bringing with it various changes and challenges. One possible outcome of such a life-altering and stressful event is the experience of personal growth (PG). This study examines the contribution of a mother’s personal resources (emotion regulation strategies, resilience) and environmental resources (sense of community) to her PG following the transition to motherhood, taking into account the role played by ethnicity. Methods: Data was collected from 402 Israeli Arab, Israeli Jewish, and Turkish first-time mothers of babies up to twenty-four months old. Results: It was found that Israeli Arab mothers reported significantly higher expressive suppression and PG than the other two groups. In addition, Israeli Arab mothers scored significantly higher on resilience, and Israeli Jewish mothers scored significantly higher on sense of community, than Turkish mothers. After controlling for mother and baby background variables, cognitive reappraisal and sense of community were found to predict PG. Two interactions emerged: higher sense of community was related to greater PG only among Israeli Arab mothers; and a positive association between resilience and growth was found only among Israeli Jewish mothers. The results are discussed in relation to the literature. Conclusion: Personal and environmental resources contribute differently to growth of first-time mothers in different cultures. Thus, rather than implementing the same type of intervention in all cultures, appropriate interventions should be tailored for each culture in accordance with its unique characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Early online date23 Sep 2023
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 23 Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Society for Reproductive & Infant Psychology.

Keywords

  • Motherhood
  • cross-cultural
  • emotional regulation
  • personal growth
  • resilience
  • sense of community

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