Contrary to time conditionals in Talmudic logic

M. Abraham, D. M. Gabbay, U. Schild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We consider conditionals of the form A = B where A depends on the future and B on the present and past. We examine models for such conditional arising in Talmudic legal cases. We call such conditionals contrary to time conditionals. Three main aspects will be investigated: 1. Inverse causality from future to past, where a future condition can influence a legal event in the past (this is a man made causality). 2. Comparison with similar features in modern law. 3. New types of temporal logics arising from modelling the Talmudic examples. We shall see that we need a new temporal logic,which we call Talmudic temporal logic with linear open advancing future and parallel changing past, based on two parameters for time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-179
Number of pages35
JournalArtificial Intelligence and Law
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2012


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