Continuous Waste Cooking Oil Transesterification with Microwave Heating and Strontium Oxide Catalyst

Han Lee, Jiunn Der Liao, Jung Wei Yang, Wen Dung Hsu, Bernard Haochih Liu, Teng Chien Chen, Kundan Sivashanmugan, Aharon Gedanken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biodiesel produced from waste cooking oils (WCOs) mixed with methanol was efficiently transesterified using a continuous fluid flow system with a focused microwave heating device. Strontium oxide (SrO) was added as the catalyst. The factors that most influence the biodiesel conversion rate were first estimated by considering the effects of oil-to-methanol ratio, added quantity of SrO, and microwave heating power on reaction time in a built-in batch unit. The optimal parameter values were then applied to a continuous fluid flow system, which simulates the conversion of a scaled-up quantity of WCOs into biodiesel. Under the optimum fluid flow velocity and an appropriate output temperature, a biodiesel conversion rate of ca. 93 % was reached, associated with the decomposition of ester bonds and the formation of a tetrahedral intermediate substance during the reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-198
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Microwave heating
  • Strontium oxide
  • Transesterification
  • Waste cooking oils

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