Contextual Mathematical Modelling: Problem-Solving Characterization and Feasibility

Zehavit Kohen, Ortal Nitzan-Tamar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The current study investigates contextual mathematical modelling (MM) problems that were retrieved from authentic workplace situations and simplified for formal secondary school math lessons. First, the study aims to characterize contextual MM problems according to Schoenfeld’s framework of problem-solving (PS). Second, it aims to investigate the perceptions of two stakeholder groups: (1) math experts and policymakers and (2) math teachers with respect to the characteristics of the contextual MM problems and their feasibility regarding implementation in secondary school education. Based on the Delphi methodology, we employed two phases for our analysis: an open-ended questionnaire to interview ten stakeholders and, subsequently, a Likerttype questionnaire to collect data from 122 stakeholders. The main results indicate that the contextual MM problems are characterized by PS. A similar view was expressed by different stakeholder groups, and no differences were caused by various background variables, such as educational level or STEM background. Additionally, the findings revealed that both stakeholder groups perceived that it is highly feasible for these problems to be integrated into secondary school education. This study contributes theoretically to the interrelationship between MM and PS frameworks, and provides practical recommendations for the implementation of contextual MM problems in secondary schools by applying PS skills.

Original languageEnglish
Article number454
JournalEducation Sciences
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors highly acknowledge the past and current MtED lab research group, and the R&D group from the i-MAT project for their great support and contribution to this research.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • authentic workplace mathematics
  • mathematical modelling
  • problem solving


Dive into the research topics of 'Contextual Mathematical Modelling: Problem-Solving Characterization and Feasibility'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this