Construction of high-capacitance carbonate-rich bimetallic layered (hydr)oxides onto ZIF-67–derived Co/CoO-N-carbon hybrid cubes for high-performance symmetric supercapacitors

Shanmugasundaram Manoj, Kalimuthu Pandi, Gopi Kalaiyarasan, Seong Hyeon Pyo, Rajendran Karkuzhali, Srinivasarao Kancharla, Gopalakrishnan Gopu, Yongtae Ahn, Byong Hun Jeon, Subbaiah Muthu Prabhu

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Herein, we fabricated carbonate-rich bimetallic layered hydr(oxides) (CoMnOx), which are primarily used as active materials for supercapacitors, using a simple hydrothermal method. CoMnOx was deposited onto cobalt oxide (CoO), which was produced by pyrolyzing ZIF-67 at 800 °C under N2 atmosphere. The Co/CoO cubes synthesized using carbonized ZIF-67 (ZIFC) were covered with CoMnOx shells with high reduction efficiency and abundant Co active sites and surface O species. The effects of the carbonate species present between the CoMnOx layers and at the surface of the hybrid CoMnOx@ZIFC materials were evaluated using PXRD and XPS. The peaks at the binding energies of 290 and 400 eV in the C 1s and N 1s XPS profiles of CoMnOx@ZIFC, respectively, indicate the presence of carbonate species and coordination of CoO and Co with the N-rich carbon materials, respectively. The FE-SEM images of CoMnOx@ZIFC revealed the partial decomposition of the cubic structure of ZIFC, which agreed with previously reported data. Moreover, the elemental composition of CoMnOx@ZIFC was confirmed using EDS mapping and point analysis. The CoMnOx@ZIFC electrodes exhibited a remarkable specific capacitance/capacitor of 963 F g−1/588 C g−1 at 1 A g−1 and excellent cycling stability over 1000 cycles, which was superior to those of previously reported MOF-derived carbonate-based materials in alkaline electrolytes. The CoMnOx@ZIFC||CoMnOx@ZIFC symmetric supercapacitor exhibited an energy density of 60.75 W h kg−1 with a power density of 5947 W kg−1 and an exceptional cycling stability (>99.5 %) after 3000 cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107821
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


This work was supported by the Mid-Career Researcher Program (No. 2020R1A2C3004237 ) through the National Research Foundation (NRF) of the Republic of Korea . SMP acknowledges VIT-AP University for the seeding grant through the Research Grant in Engineering, Management, and Science (RGEMS).

FundersFunder number
National Research Foundation of Korea


    • Bimetallic hydroxides
    • Energy storage
    • Hybrid catalyst
    • Supercapacitor
    • ZIF-76–derived N‑carbon


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