Conditioned medium from hypoxic cells protects cardiomyocytes against ischemia

B. Chanyshev, A. Shainberg, A. Isak, Y. Chepurko, E. Porat, E. Hochhauser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The hypothesis of the present study is that cardiomyocytes subjected to prolonged ischemia, may release survival factors that will protect new cardiac cells from ischemic stress. We exposed neonatal rat cardiomyocyte primary cultures to hypoxia, collected the supernatant, treated intact cardiac cells by this posthypoxic supernatant, and exposed them to hypoxia. The results show cardioprotection of the treated cells compared with the untreated ones. We named the collected posthypoxic supernatant "conditioned medium" (CM), which acts in a dose-dependent manner to protect new cardiac cells from hypoxia: 100 or 75% of CM diluted in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) protected cells as if they were not exposed to hypoxia (P < 0.001). When CM was removed from the cells before hypoxia, protection was not observed. CM also protected skeletal muscle cultures from hypoxia, but not cardiac cells against H 2O 2-induced cell damage. Finally, CM treatment protected the isolated heart in Langendorff set-up against ischemia. Smaller infarct size (9.9 ± 4.4% vs. 28.3 ± 8.5%, P < 0.05), better Rate Pressure Product (67 ± 11% vs. 48.6 ± 13.4%, P < 0.05) and better rate of contraction and relaxation were observed following ischemia and reperfusion (1341 ± 399 mmHg/s vs. 951 ± 349 mmHg/s, P < 0.05 and 1053 ± 347 mmHg/s vs. 736 ± 314 mmHg/s, P < 0.05). To conclude, there are factors that are released from the heart cells subjected to ischemia/hypoxia that protects cardiomyocytes from ischemic stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-178
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume363
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Cardiac cell cultures
  • Cardioprotection
  • Conditioned medium
  • Hypoxia
  • Ischemia
  • Isolated heart

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