Concordance and discordance in anti-HLA antibody testing

On behalf of the ASHI Proficiency Testing Program

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background: Correct identification of the specificity of antibodies directed against HLA using single antigen Luminex beads (SALB) is essential in current HLA laboratory practice for transplantation. The aim of this study was to investigate the magnitude of concordance and discordance among laboratories in testing for anti-HLA antibodies using SALB. Method: 35 sera were distributed by the ASHI Proficiency Testing Program to HLA laboratories worldwide. We analyzed 4335 test results submitted between April 2010 and April 2013 by participating laboratories. Results: SALB was used by approximately 94% of the participating laboratories, yet concordant assignment of antibody specificity was imperfect. For each serum, the assignment of an average of 10 antibody specificities was discordant. Disagreement was observed for antibodies directed against common as well as uncommon antigens. The assignment of an average of 15 antibody specificities in each "positive" serum appeared to be influenced by vendor-dependent causes. Inter-vendor concordance was lower than intra-vendor concordance, indicating that vendor dependent factors may be a central cause for disagreement. Conclusions: Our study illustrates the prevalence of concordance and discordance, also affected by unpremeditated causes, in reporting SALB antibody results. Insufficient concordance and standardization in antibody testing may have practical implications for organ allocation and organ sharing programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalTransplant Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier B.V.


  • ASHI
  • Antibodies
  • Consensus
  • HLA
  • Luminex
  • Proficiency testing


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