Comprehensive Assessment of Esophageal Disorders Associated with Hiatus Hernia: Insights from Big Data Analysis

Fadi Abu Baker, Edoardo Savarino, Helal Said Ahmad, Abdel Rauf Zeina, Wisam Abboud, Tawfik Khoury, Randa Taher Natour, Yael Kopelman, Amir Mari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hiatus hernia (HH) is a prevalent endoscopic finding in clinical practice, frequently co-occurring with esophageal disorders, yet the prevalence and degree of association remain uncertain. We aim to investigate HH’s frequency and its suspected association with esophageal disorders. We reviewed endoscopic reports of over 75,000 consecutive patients who underwent gastroscopy over 12 years in two referral centers. HH was endoscopically diagnosed. We derived data on clinical presentation and a comprehensive assessment of benign and malignant esophageal pathologies. We performed multiple regression models to identify esophageal sequela associated with HH. The overall frequency of HH was (16.8%); the majority (89.5%) had small HHs (<3 cm). Female predominance was documented in HH patients, who were significantly older than controls (61.1±16.5 vs. 52.7±20.0; P < 0.001). The outcome analysis of esophageal pathology revealed an independent association between HH, regardless of its size, and erosive reflux esophagitis (25.7% vs. 6.2%; OR = 3.8; P < 0.001) and Barrett’s esophagus (3.8% vs. 0.7%; OR = 4.7, P < 0.001). Furthermore, following rigorous age and sex matching, in conjunction with additional multivariable analyses, large HHs were associated with higher rates of benign esophageal strictures (3.6% vs. 0.3%; P < 0.001), Mallory Weiss syndrome (3.6% vs. 2.1%; P = 0.01), and incidents of food impactions (0.9% vs. 0.2%; P = 0.014). In contrast, a lower rate of achalasia was noted among this cohort (0.55% vs. 0%; P = 0.046). Besides reflux-related esophageal disorders, we outlined an association with multiple benign esophageal disorders, particularly in patients with large HHs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDysphagia
Early online date29 Jan 2024
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 29 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Food Impaction
  • Hiatus Hernia
  • Motility Disorder
  • Reflux Esophagitis

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