Complexity, Responsibility and Care: An Intertwined Perspective on Planning

Yael Savaya, Nurit Alfasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The search for a good planning theory to underpin just and effective practice, and thereby narrow the growing gap between theory and practice, has been central to literature on planning since the mid-twentieth century. This paper brings together three seemingly unrelated urban planning perspectives and shows that combining them could provide a complete, feasible approach to planning. Complexity theory offers code-based planning regulations appropriate for multi-agent urban dynamics. The responsibility model contributes negotiation-based decision-making suitable for situations with multiple agents. Ethics of care outlines how to evaluate planning tools and policies in ways that dignify all human agents.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlanning Theory and Practice
StateAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Planning theory
  • complexity theory
  • ethics of care
  • model of responsibility


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