Comparison of moderate hyperventilation and mannitol for control of intracranial pressure control in patients with severe traumatic brain injury - A study of cerebral blood flow and metabolism

J. F. Soustiel, E. Mahamid, A. Chistyakov, V. Shik, R. Benenson, M. Zaaroor

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43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To compare the respective effects of established measures used for management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rates of oxygen (CMRO2), glucose (CMRGlc) and lactate (CMRLct). Methods. Thirty-six patients suffering from severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) were prospectively evaluated. In all patients baseline assessments were compared with that following moderate hyperventilation (reducing PaCO2 from 36 ± 4 to 32 ± 4 mmHg) and with that produced by administration of 0.5 gr/kg mannitol 20% intravenously. Intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressure (ICP, CPP), CBF and arterial jugular differences in oxygen, glucose and lactate contents were measured for calculation of CMRO2, CMRGlc and CMRLct. Results. Following hyperventilation, CBF was significantly reduced (P < 0.0001). CBF remained most often above the ischemic range although values less than 30 ml·100 gr-1·min-1 were found in 27.8% of patients. CBF reduction was associated with concurrent decrease in CMRO 2, anaerobic hyperglycolysis and subsequent lactate production. In contrast, mannitol resulted in significant albeit moderate improvement of cerebral perfusion. However, administration of mannitol had no ostensible effect either on oxidative or glucose metabolism and lactate balance remained mostly unaffected. Conclusions. Moderate hyperventilation may exacerbate pre-existing impairment of cerebral blood flow and metabolism in TBI patients and should be therefore carefully used under appropriate monitoring. Our findings rather support the use of mannitol for ICP control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-851
Number of pages7
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Volume148
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Cerebral metabolism
  • Hyperventilation
  • Intracranial pressure
  • Traumatic brain injury

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