Comparison of FT-IR with whole-genome sequencing for identification of maternal-to‑neonate transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Maya Azrad, Lital Ashtamkar Matok, Tamar Leshem, Avi Peretz

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Following a previous study in which we evaluated the carriage rates of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) -producing Enterobacterales (ESBL+ E), carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE), vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE), and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pregnant women and their neonates, in the current study we used, for the first time, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR) in order to determine whether antibiotic-resistant bacteria colonization in neonates has resulted from a vertical transmission from the mothers. To this end, 28 pairs of maternal and neonatal isolates of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, including ESBL-producing E. coli (ESBL+ E.coli), ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae (ESBL+ K. pneumoniae) and MRSA isolates, were subjected to a FT-IR analysis to assess the similarity between maternal and new-born isolates. We compared the FT-IR analysis results with whole genome sequencing of the isolates, in order to define whether FT-IR spectroscopy can be applied for bio-typing of bacteria and for assessment of mother-to‑neonate transmission. The FT-IR analysis showed that all neonatal isolates were similar to their corresponding maternal isolates and belonged to the same cluster. Alignments of the DNA sequences of the maternal and neonatal isolates pairs revealed above 99% identity, thus confirming the FT-IR results. In conclusion, FT-IR spectroscopy can be applied to monitor bacterial transmission and specifically maternal-to‑neonate transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106603
JournalJournal of Microbiological Methods
Volume202
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

Keywords

  • Antibiotic-resistant bacteria
  • Bacterial typing
  • ESBL-producing bacteria
  • FT-IR
  • MRSA
  • Maternal-to‑neonate transmission

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