COMPARISON OF FREQUENCY-FUSION MECHANISMS FOR BINAURAL DIRECTION-OF-ARRIVAL ESTIMATION FOR MULTIPLE SPEAKERS

Daniel Fejgin, Elior Hadad, Sharon Gannot, Zbyněk Koldovský, Simon Doclo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

To estimate the direction of arrival (DOA) of multiple speakers with methods that use prototype transfer functions, frequency-dependent spatial spectra (SPS) are usually constructed. To make the DOA estimation robust, SPS from different frequencies can be combined. According to how the SPS are combined, frequency fusion mechanisms are categorized into narrowband, broadband, or speaker-grouped, where the latter mechanism requires a speaker-wise grouping of frequencies. For a binaural hearing aid setup, in this paper we propose an interaural time difference (ITD)-based speaker-grouped frequency fusion mechanism. By exploiting the DOA dependence of ITDs, frequencies can be grouped according to a common ITD and be used for DOA estimation of the respective speaker. We apply the proposed ITD-based speaker-grouped frequency fusion mechanism for different DOA estimation methods, namely the multiple signal classification, steered response power and a recently published method based on relative transfer function (RTF) vectors. In our experiments, we compare DOA estimation with different fusion mechanisms. For all considered DOA estimation methods, the proposed ITD-based speaker-grouped frequency fusion mechanism results in a higher DOA estimation accuracy compared with the narrowband and broadband fusion mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2024 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2024 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages731-735
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9798350344851
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024
Event49th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2024 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 14 Apr 202419 Apr 2024

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Conference

Conference49th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2024
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period14/04/2419/04/24

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 IEEE.

Keywords

  • binaural hearing aids
  • direction of arrival estimation
  • frequency fusion
  • speaker grouping

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