Comparison between traumatic brain injury with and without concomitant injuries: an analysis based on a national trauma registry 2008–2016

Israel Trauma Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare demographic, injury and hospitalization characteristics and mortality between Isolated and Non-Isolated traumatic brain injury. Methods: A retrospective study based on the Israeli National Trauma Registry of patients hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI) between 2008 and 2016. Isolated TBI was defined as no other anatomic region was having concomitant injury with AIS ≥2. X2 test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results: Of the 23566-study population, 40.4% were admitted for isolated TBI. Isolated TBI was significantly more frequent in elderly aged ≥65 years, female, Jews, and injuries sustained at home or in residential institution. The Non-isolated TBI was greater in road traffic injuries, particularly among pedestrians and motor cyclists, and in violence injuries. The Non-isolated TBI group had greater injury severity and hospital resource utilization. In-hospital mortality was higher in the patients with Non-isolated TBI [OR: 1.56(95% CI: 1.33–1.83)], particularly in patients with GCS 13–15; elderly aged 65+ years; and patients with concomitant injuries to abdomen, spine or external body regions. Conclusion: In a patient with TBI, concomitant injuries with AIS ≥2 matter, and awareness of the identified factors has relevance for guiding injury prevention efforts and indeed for potentially improving care and outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-223
Number of pages11
JournalBrain Injury
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • National Trauma Registry
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • concomitant injuries
  • hospitalization
  • mortality

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