Common features in compulsive sexual behavior, substance use disorders, personality, temperament and attachment—A narrative review

Yaniv Efrati, Shane W. Kraus, Gal Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Do addictions share common traits of an “addictive personality” or do different addictions have distinct personality profiles? This narrative review examines the differences in the associations between substance use disorder (SUD) and compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD), on the one hand, and personality traits, attachment dispositions, and temperament, on the other hand. We found that both people with a SUD and people with CSBD tended to be more spontaneous, careless, and less reliable, to place self-interest above getting along with others, to show emotional instability and experience negative emotions such as anger, anxiety, and/or depression, to be less able to control their attention and/or behavior, and to be engulfed with a constant sensation of “wanting”. Only people with CSBD, but not SUD, noted concerns with their social ties, fear of losing close others, and/or trusting others around them. Results also suggested that people with a SUD and people with CSBD share high commonalities in personality traits and temperament, yet there are noted differences in their social tendencies, especially with close others. People with CSBD reported more concerns with possible relationship losses compared to people with SUD issues, who may be more worried about losing their source of escapism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number296
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Attachment orientations
  • Big five personality
  • Compulsive sexual behavior
  • Substance use disorder
  • Temperament

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