Combination of 3D tissue engineered scaffold and non-viral gene carrier enhance in vitro DNA expression of mesenchymal stem cells

Hossein Hosseinkhani, Tony Azzam, Hisatoshi Kobayashi, Yosuke Hiraoka, Hitoyata Shimokawa, Abraham J. Domb, Yasuhiko Tabata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


The objective of this study is to enhance the expression of a plasmid DNA for mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) by combination of 3-dimensional (3D) tissue engineered scaffolds and non-viral gene carrier. As a carrier of plasmid DNA, dextran-spermine cationic polysaccharide was prepared by means of reductive-amination between oxidized dextran and the natural oligoamine, spermine. As the MSC scaffold, collagen sponges reinforced by incorporation of poly(glycolic acid) (PGA) fibers were used. A complex of the cationized dextran and plasmid DNA of BMP-2 was impregnated into the scaffolds. MCS were seeded into each scaffold and cultured by a 3D culture method. When MSC were cultured in the PGA-reinforced sponge, the level of BMP-2 expression was significantly enhanced by the cationized dextran-plasmid DNA complex impregnated into the scaffold than by the cationized dextran-plasmid DNA complex in 2-dimensional (2D) (tissue culture plate) culture method. The alkaline phosphatase activity and osteocalcin content of transfected MSC cultured in the PGA-reinforced sponge were significantly higher compared with 2D culture method. We conclude that combination of cationized dextran plasmid DNA complex and 3D tissue engineered scaffold was promising to promote the in vitro gene expression for MSC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4269-4278
Number of pages10
Issue number23
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was performed through Special Coordination Funds for Promoting Science and Technology from the MEXT, Japan, and partially supported by research promotion bureau (No. 16-794), MEXT, Japan. We appreciate Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan for providing a p BacBH2.


  • Cationization
  • Enhanced gene expression
  • In vitro transfection
  • Osteoinduction
  • Plasmid DNA
  • Scaffold


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