Collision of strong gravitational and electromagnetic waves in the expanding universe

G. A. Alekseev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


An exact analytical model of the process of collision and nonlinear interaction of gravitational and/or electromagnetic soliton waves and strong nonsoliton electromagnetic traveling waves of arbitrary profile propagating in the expanding universe (the symmetric Kasner spacetime) is presented. In contrast to intuitive expectations that rather strong traveling waves can destroy the soliton, it occurs that the soliton survives during its interaction with electromagnetic waves of arbitrary amplitude and profile, but its parameters begin to evolve under the influence of this interaction. If a traveling electromagnetic wave possesses a finite duration, the soliton parameters after interaction take constant values again, but these values in general are different from those before the interaction. Based on exact solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations, our model demonstrates a series of nonlinear phenomena, such as (a) creation of gravitational waves in the collision of two electromagnetic waves, (b) creation of electromagnetic soliton waves in the collision of a gravitational soliton with traveling electromagnetic waves, (c) scattering of a part of a soliton wave in the direction of propagation of a traveling electromagnetic wave, and (d) quasiperiodic oscillating character of fields in the wave interaction region and multiple mutual transformations of gravitational and electromagnetic waves in this region. The figures illustrate these features of nonlinear wave interactions in general relativity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number061501
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number6
StatePublished - 3 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

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© 2016 American Physical Society.


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