We consider the excitonic insulator state (often associated with electronic ferroelectricity), which arises on the phase diagram of an extended spinless Falicov-Kimball model (FKM) at half-filling. Within the Hartree-Fock approach, we calculate the spectrum of low-energy collective excitations in this state up to second order in the narrow-band hopping and/or hybridization. This allows to probe the mean-field stability of the excitonic insulator. The latter is found to be unstable when the case of the pure FKM (no hybridization with a fully localized band) is approached. The instability is due to the presence of another, lower-lying ground state and not to the degeneracy of the excitonic phase in the pure FKM. The excitonic phase, however, may be stabilized further away from the pure FKM limit. In this case, the low-energy excitation spectrum contains important information about the properties of the excitonic condensate (including the strongly suppressed critical temperature).
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - 18 Oct 2012
Bibliographical notePublisher's Note: Collective excitations and stability of the excitonic phase in the extended Falicov-Kimball model [Phys. Rev. B 86, 155134 (2012)]
D. I. Golosov
Phys. Rev. B 86, 159905 (2012)