Human history has been plagued by violent inter-group conflicts. Such conflicts are arguably grounded on group biases – particularly, a tendency to favor “ingroups” over “outgroups” – manifested in adults, children, and infants. A question these findings prompt is what motivates social categorization? Here it is shown that priming 14-month-old infants (N = 144) with collaborative or competitive interactions affects their capacity to form racial categories, and that this effect varies according to the gender of the exemplars being categorized. Specifically, whereas racial categorization of women was facilitated by collaboration, racial categorization of men was facilitated by competition. The presence of these differential effects in infancy is consistent with the idea that social categorization is driven by fundamental functions of group relations.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Evolution and Human Behavior|
|State||Published - Sep 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Israel Science Foundation [grant number 599/13 ] to G.D.
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.
- Evolutionary psychology
- Social categorization
- Social motivations