TY - JOUR

T1 - Coherent Transient Excitation and Superposition of Adiabatic States

AU - Friedmann, H.

AU - Wilson‐Gordon, A. D.

PY - 1977

Y1 - 1977

N2 - Double resonance, resonance Raman and resonance fluorescence are discussed in terms of a superposition of adiabatic states. The adiabatic states are the instantaneous eigenstates of a two‐level Hamiltonian which includes the interaction with a near‐resonant coherent pulse and which has been transformed by a unitary transformation so that its only time‐dependence is that of the field envelope of the pulse. Resonance Raman results from spontaneous transitions to a third, lower state from the adiabatic following state which reduces to the initial (lower) state of the two‐level system in the absence of radiation. Resonance fluorescence is produced by spontaneous transition to the lower third state from the upper adiabatic state which reduces to the upper state of the two‐level system in the absence of radiation. Differential equations allowing the calculation of the probability amplitudes of the adiabatic states are given and a method of solving these equations by successive approximation is proposed. Saturation effects such as dynamic Stark shift and splitting (Autler—Townes effect) and optical nutation are interpreted in terms of perturbation of adiabatic energy levels and interference effects between adiabatic states. The possibility of observing optical nutation in a two‐level system by using time‐resolved double resonance experiments is suggested. Decay of the states of the two‐level system is taken into account leading to extended adiabaticity conditions which show that adiabatic following becomes possible even at resonance. For weak fields it is shown that adiabatic following at resonance can produce light scattering narrower than the linewidth as predicted by Heitler. The adiabatic states theory has also been extended to near‐resonance multiphoton interaction for systems that can be described by an effective two‐level Hamiltonian.

AB - Double resonance, resonance Raman and resonance fluorescence are discussed in terms of a superposition of adiabatic states. The adiabatic states are the instantaneous eigenstates of a two‐level Hamiltonian which includes the interaction with a near‐resonant coherent pulse and which has been transformed by a unitary transformation so that its only time‐dependence is that of the field envelope of the pulse. Resonance Raman results from spontaneous transitions to a third, lower state from the adiabatic following state which reduces to the initial (lower) state of the two‐level system in the absence of radiation. Resonance fluorescence is produced by spontaneous transition to the lower third state from the upper adiabatic state which reduces to the upper state of the two‐level system in the absence of radiation. Differential equations allowing the calculation of the probability amplitudes of the adiabatic states are given and a method of solving these equations by successive approximation is proposed. Saturation effects such as dynamic Stark shift and splitting (Autler—Townes effect) and optical nutation are interpreted in terms of perturbation of adiabatic energy levels and interference effects between adiabatic states. The possibility of observing optical nutation in a two‐level system by using time‐resolved double resonance experiments is suggested. Decay of the states of the two‐level system is taken into account leading to extended adiabaticity conditions which show that adiabatic following becomes possible even at resonance. For weak fields it is shown that adiabatic following at resonance can produce light scattering narrower than the linewidth as predicted by Heitler. The adiabatic states theory has also been extended to near‐resonance multiphoton interaction for systems that can be described by an effective two‐level Hamiltonian.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84987344540&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ijch.197700040

DO - 10.1002/ijch.197700040

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AN - SCOPUS:84987344540

SN - 0021-2148

VL - 16

SP - 241

EP - 249

JO - Israel Journal of Chemistry

JF - Israel Journal of Chemistry

IS - 4

ER -