Cognitive training for divergent thinking in schizophrenia: A pilot study

Takahiro Nemoto, Ryoko Yamazawa, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Nobuharu Fujita, Bun Chino, Chiyo Fujii, Haruo Kashima, Yuri Rassovsky, Michael F. Green, Masafumi Mizuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Individuals with schizophrenia demonstrate deficits in divergent thinking. This ability is indispensable for generating creative solutions and navigating the complexities of social interactions. In a pilot study, seventeen stable schizophrenia outpatients were randomly assigned to a training program for divergent thinking or a control program on convergent thinking. After eight weeks of training, participants in the divergent thinking program had significantly greater improvements on measures of idea fluency, negative symptoms, and interpersonal relations than did participants receiving the control program. These preliminary results suggest that interventions for divergent thinking in schizophrenia may lead to improvements in patients' social functioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1533-1536
Number of pages4
JournalProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognitive training
  • Divergent thinking
  • Negative symptoms
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social functioning

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