Cognitive characteristics of students with superior performance in mathematics

Roza Leikin, Nurit Paz-Baruch, Mark Leikin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Super-gifted individuals are considered to be very rare. This paper addresses one part of a larger body of research aimed at characterization of super-giftedness in mathematics. The research population consists of three groups of students who excel in mathematics: Super-gifted in mathematics (S-MG), generally gifted students who excel in school mathematics (G-EM) and students who excel in school mathematics but are not identified as generally gifted (NG-EM). Fifty-six male students who comprised these groups performed a battery of cognitive tests: memory, speed of information processing, visual perception, and attention. We found that the between-group differences are task depended and that S-MG students can be characterized by superior performance on Working Memory test (WM - span, WM - total score) and the accuracy of Pattern-recognition, which was an indicator of visual perception.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-129
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Individual Differences
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cognitive characteristics
  • excellence in mathematics
  • general giftedness
  • mathematical giftedness

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