Classical limit for Dirac fermions with modified action in the presence of a black hole

Meir Lewkowicz, Mikhail Zubkov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We consider the model of Dirac fermions coupled to gravity as proposed, in which superluminal velocities of particles are admitted. In this model an extra term is added to the conventional Hamiltonian that originates from Planck physics. Due to this term, a closed Fermi surface is formed in equilibrium inside the black hole. In this paper we propose the covariant formulation of this model and analyse its classical limit. We consider the dynamics of gravitational collapse. It appears that the Einstein equations admit a solution identical to that of ordinary general relativity. Next, we consider the motion of particles in the presence of a black hole. Numerical solutions of the equations of motion are found which demonstrate that the particles are able to escape from the black hole.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1294
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.


  • Black hole
  • Dirac fermions
  • Painlevé-Gullstrand coordinates
  • Superluminal velocity


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