CHA2DS2-VASc Score, Mortality and Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation

Mustafa Gabarin, Tzipi Hornik-Lurie, Saar Minha, Alexander Omelchenko, Rami Barashi, Ziad Arow, Abid Assali, David Pereg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are at increased cardiovascular risk. The CHA2DS2-VASc score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥ 75 years, diabetes mellitus, previous stroke, vascular disease, age 65 to 74 years, female gender) has been used to predict thromboembolic risk in patients with nonvalvular AF. We aimed to evaluate the association between the CHA2DS2-VASc score and the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and all-cause mortality in patients with AF treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). The study was based on the Clalit Health Services database. Included were 21,129 patients with nonvalvular AF treated with DOACs. Patients were stratified into four groups according to the CHA2DS2-VASc score.1–9 The primary end point was the occurrence of AMI and all-cause mortality. During 21,129 patient-years, there were 1,253 incidents (5.9%) of AMI. A higher CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with a significantly increased risk of AMI (7.8, 14.9, 23.9, and 35.3 cases per 1,000 person-years, for patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 to 2, 3 to 4, 5 to 6, and 7 to 9, respectively, p <0.001). Each 1-point increase in the CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with a 27% increased risk of AMI. A higher CHA2DS2-VASc score was also associated with a significantly increased ll-cause mortality rate (21.7, 60.2, 103.9, 162.6 cases per 1,000 person-years, for patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 to 2, 3 to 4, 5 to 6, 7 to 9, respectively, p <0.001). All associations remained statistically significant after a multivariate analysis. In conclusion, among patients with nonvalvular AF treated with DOACs, the CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with increased risk of AMI and all-cause mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-28
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume180
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'CHA2DS2-VASc Score, Mortality and Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this