Thermoregulatory and motor activity circadian cycles are age-dependent. While the level of thermoregulation and motor activity remained almost at the same level during the first 1-15 months during the light portion of the 24-hr cycle, a significant decrease in the level of both rhythms was observed during the dark period. Therefore, older rats exhibited reversed cycles compared with younger rats. Treatments with d-amphetamine resulted in the enhancement of reversal of the cycles. Rats treated with α-MSH failed to exhibit a reversal of the cycles. While the effects of d-amphetamine are mediated by the brain DA mesolimbic pathway, it seems that α-MSH acts on the dopaminergic system at different sites of action.
- Circadian rhythms
- Motor activity