There is increasing interest in identifying biological and imaging markers for the early detection of neurocognitive decline. In addition, non-pharmacological strategies, including physical exercise and cognitive interventions, may be beneficial for those developing cognitive impairment. The Feuerstein Instrumental Enrichment (FIE) Program is a cognitive intervention based on structural cognitive modifiability and the mediated learning experience (MLE) and aims to promote problem-solving strategies and metacognitive abilities. The FIE program uses a variety of instruments to enhance the cognitive capacity of the individual as a result of mediation. A specific version of the FIE program was developed for the cognitive enhancement of older adults, focusing on strengthening ori-entation skills, categorization skills, deductive reasoning, and memory. We performed a prospective interventional pilot observational study on older subjects with MCI who participated in 30 mediated FIE sessions (two sessions weekly for 15 weeks). Of the 23 subjects who completed the study, there was a significant improvement in memory on the NeuroTrax cognitive assessment battery. Complete sets of anatomical MRI data for voxel-based morphometry, taken at the beginning and the end of the study, were obtained from 16 participants (mean age 83.5 years). Voxel-based morphometry showed an interesting and unexpected increase in grey matter (GM) in the anterolateral occipital border and the middle cingulate cortex. These initial findings of our pilot study support the design of randomized trials to evaluate the effect of cognitive training using the FIE program on brain volumes and cognitive function.
|State||Published - 11 Dec 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: The study was supported by grants from the following philanthropic organizations: Rochlin Family Foundation; Adolf und Mary Mil-Stiftung; Helen Bader Foundation; Mr. Norman Sternthal by the Montreal Jewish Community Fund.
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Brain morphometry
- Feuerstein Instrumental Enrichment
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Mediated learning experience
- Mild cognitive impairment
- Structural cognitive modifiability