Cerebral venous thrombosis

Omri Cohen, Samuela Pegoraro, Walter Ageno

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare form of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), yet a leading cause of stroke in young adults, with an incidence that seems to be increasing in recent years. Risk factors for CVT overlap with those of DVT in other locations, with the addition of local risk factors, such as infections, head trauma and neurosurgery. The clinical presentation is highly variable, hence the diagnosis of CVT may be delayed or overlooked. Early recognition and timely initiation of anticoagulant treatment are of essence, while decompressive surgery can be lifesaving for patients with impending trans-tentorial herniation. Concomitant intracranial hemorrhage is not a contraindication to anticoagulant treatment. Endovascular treatment may be suggested for selected patients who deteriorate despite anticoagulant treatment. In this review we will provide an extensive and contemporary discussion of the incidence, pathophysiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, neuroimaging and management of CVT, in accordance with recent guidelines. Additionally, we will summarize the latest data with regards to direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) treatment in CVT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-766
Number of pages12
JournalMinerva Medica
Volume112
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Edizioni Minerva Medica. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Anticoagulants
  • Venous thromboembolism
  • Venous thrombosis

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