Cerebral blood flow and oxygen consumption in cortical spreading depression

Avraham Mayevsky, Harvey R. Weiss

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119 Scopus citations

Abstract

We determined the effects of spreading depression on local cerebral O2 supply, oxygenation, and O2 consumption in the anesthetized rat. Spreading depression was induced by application of 0.5 M KCl to the frontal cortex. Regional cerebral blood flow was determined with [14C]iodoantipyrine and regional O2 extraction was determined microspectrophotometrically. The passage of the spreading depression wave was determined with a multiprobe assembly that recorded NADH redox state (surface fluorometry). extracellular K+ activity, and DC steady potential (surface minielectrodes). As the wave of spreading depression passed, there was an increase in extracellular K+ and a decrease in NADH. Cerebral blood flow was significantly increased (120 ± 51 ml/ min/100 g, mean ± SD) during the wave as compared with other regions. In the affected cortex, blood How was not different from that in the contralateral cortex (69 ± 28 ml/min/100 g) either before or after the wave of spreading depression passed. Arterial and venous O2 saturation were unaffected by the wave and the histogram of O2 saturations of examined veins followed a similar normal distribution in all regions. Oxygen extraction was not altered by the wave of spreading depression. Oxygen consumption was significantly increased during the wave to 7.4 ± 3.7 ml O2/min/100 g compared with the contralateral cortex (5.1 ± 2.6 ml/min/100 g) and other regions. It can be concluded that spreading depression caused an increase in cerebral O2 consumption that was adequately matched by an increase in local blood flow. Oxygen delivery was not limited during spreading depression and its effects were quickly over as evidenced by the lack of alteration in oxygenation after the wave of spreading depression passed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-836
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume11
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1991
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and StrokeR01NS022881

    Keywords

    • Cerebral blood flow
    • Cerebral o consumption
    • Cerebral o extraction
    • Nadh redox state
    • Spreading depression

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