Essential tremor, a common, debilitating motor disorder, is thought to be caused by cerebellar malfunction. It has been shown that rhythmic Purkinje cell firing is both necessary and sufficient to induce body tremor. During tremor, cerebellar nuclei (CN) cells also display oscillatory activity. This study examined whether rhythmic activity in the CN characterizes the occurrence of body tremor, or alternatively, whether aberrant bursting activity underlies body tremor. Cerebellar nuclei activity was chronically recorded and analyzed in freely moving and in harmaline treated rats. CN neurons displayed rhythmic activity in both conditions, but the number of oscillatory neurons and the relative oscillation time were significantly higher under harmaline. The dominant frequencies of the oscillations were broadly distributed under harmaline and the likelihood that two simultaneously recorded neurons would co-oscillate and their oscillation coherence were significantly lower.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a REALNET grant from the European Commission (FP7-ICT270434) and by SYNCH project funded by the European Commission under H2020 FET Proactive programme (Grant agreement ID: 824162).
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/4.0/)
- Chronic recordings
- Essential tremor
- Neuronal activity