Ceramic coating on Ti-6Al-4V by plasma electrolytic oxidation in molten salt: Development and characterization

Alexander Sobolev, Michael Zinigrad, Konstantin Borodianskiy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) method is one of the most promising methods for the formation of oxide coatings on metallic substrates. This process is usually conducted in an aqueous solution electrolyte; however, it has several disadvantages, such as heating-up of the system and the formation of the undesired chemical components. This study addresses these disadvantages by conducting the process in a molten salt electrolyte. The surface morphology, phase composition, hydrophobicity, and the effects of process current frequency were examined. Thin titanium oxide, rutile and anatase, coating of 2–2.5 μm was formed on the treated Ti-6Al-4V alloys. The potentiodynamic polarization test evaluated the highest polarization polarization resistance for the alloy obtained using current frequency of 150 Hz which was 364×104 Ω·cm2 in comparison with the pristine alloy which was 6.93×104 Ω·cm2. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy revealed the same behavior. Morphology evaluation revealed that the structure of this coating contained uniform sub-micron porosity and its surface exhibited the highest hydrophobicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126847
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
StatePublished - 25 Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Molten salt
  • Morphology
  • Plasma electrolytic oxidation
  • Titanium alloy


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