Cathodic electrodeposition of self-curable polyepoxide resins based on cardanol

Raju, Pramod Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Cathodic electrodeposition (CED) behavior and film properties of coating binders as modified polyepoxide resins based on cardanol, a constituent of Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL), have been studied. These coating binders were synthesized by epoxidation of cardanol-formaldehyde novolacs (CNs) with epichlorohydrin and subsequently modified with secondary amine to make them water-thinnable by neutralization with acetic acid, and suitable for CED. Laboratory synthesized coating binders, modified, epoxidized cardanol-formaldehyde novolacs (MECNs), were cathodically electrodeposited on pretreated MS panels to investigate their electrodeposition behavior and film properties of deposited coating binders. Among the nine MECNs prepared by varying molar ratios of cardanol to formaldehyde as well as ECN to DEtOA, only seven MECNs (MECN1, MECN2 , MECN3, MECN 6, MECN7, MECN8, and MECN9) were water-soluble and electrodepositable, whereas MECN4 and MECN 5 were not water soluble, and hence not considered for further studies. These seven MECNs were used for the study of their electrodeposition characteristics, such as electrodeposition yield (ED yield), coulombic yield (CY), dry film thickness (DFT), and properties of their deposited films. The most suitable molar ratio of ECN:DEtOA for the preparation of MECNs was found to be 1:1. The CN prepared by using cardanol ECN2 and MECN2 prepared from this was found to be the most suitable in terms of deposition behavior and overall film properties. The film of MECN2 electrodeposited at constant voltage (100 V) was found to be the best in terms of film properties along with corrosion resistance, as it passed 800-h exposure to salt spray atmosphere. MECN2 was optimized for its electrodeposition characteristics like ED yield as 3.62 mg/cm2, CY as 35.87 mg/C, and DFT as 25.26 lm. Through a wide cure window, the films of MECN 2 were found to be selfcurable at an optimum cure schedule of 160-C/30 min. The electrodeposited films of MECNs had good physical, chemical, and corrosion resistance properties, but demonstrated low resistance to xylene, in particular. The study emphasized the electrodeposition behavior and film properties of the prepared MECN resins as binders for CED coating formulations, which were selfcurable without using any external crosslinker. The selfcuring of the deposited films was achieved via a novel self-curing mechanism, i.e., one molecule chemistry through anionic polymerization. The prepared epoxide resins as MECNs could be cathodically electrodeposited as primer coat for the protection of metallic substrates against corrosion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-575
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Coatings Technology Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments The authors wish to express their gratitude to the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), New Delhi (India) for the financial assistance provided for running the project entitled ‘‘Development of eco-friendly and energy-efficient polymeric coatings for cathodic electrodeposition’’ under its TAPTEC scheme (AICTE File No. 8021/RID/NPROJ/TAP-12/2002-03). The authors also wish to thank Satya Cashew Chemicals Ltd., Chennai (India) for providing free samples of cardanol and CNSL for this study.


  • Cathodic electrodeposition
  • Coulombic yield
  • Dry film thickness
  • Electrodeposition yield
  • Modified epoxidized cardanol- formaldehyde novolacs


Dive into the research topics of 'Cathodic electrodeposition of self-curable polyepoxide resins based on cardanol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this