Caregiving burden and depressive symptoms among ultra-orthodox Jews: The moderating role of sense of community

Ruth Maytles, Yoav S. Bergman, Itschak Trachtingot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Individuals who care for aging parents or relatives often experience caregiving burden, which is associated with various negative psychological outcomes. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, the conflict between caring for older relatives and taking the necessary personal precautions against infection may be exacerbated among individuals who belong to social groups, which perceive caring for others as an indispensable cultural construct. Accordingly, the current study examined whether feeling a part of one's community moderates the association between caregiving burden and depressive symptoms among the ultra-orthodox society in Israel. A convenience sample of 358 ultra-orthodox participants was collected (age range 30–70; M = 49.50, SD = 10.24), all of whom completed scales assessing caregiving burden, sense of community, and depressive symptoms. Results demonstrated that high caregiving burden and low sense of community were associated with increased depressive symptoms. Moreover, sense of community moderated the caregiving burden-depressive symptoms link, as the latter positive association was significant only among individuals reporting low levels of sense of community. The discussion highlights the importance of sense of community as a beneficial personal and social factor, which mitigates the negative psychological consequences of caregiving burden among such societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-313
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Community and Applied Social Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 May 2021
Externally publishedYes

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© 2021 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


  • caregiving burden
  • depressive symptoms
  • sense of community
  • ultra-orthodox Jews


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