Carbon nanotube ensembled hybrid nanocomposite electrode for direct electrochemical detection of epinephrine in pharmaceutical tablets and urine

K. Koteshwara Reddy, M. Satyanarayana, K. Yugender Goud, K. Vengatajalabathy Gobi, Hern Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

An efficient electrochemical sensor for selective detection of the neurotransmitter, epinephrine (Epn), has been fabricated with the aid of a functionalized multiwall carbon nanotube–chitosan biopolymer nanocomposite (Chit-fCNT) electrode. Multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNT) were successfully functionalized with the aid of nitric acid and confirmed by the Raman spectral data. Functionalized carbon nanotubes (fCNT) were dispersed in chitosan solution and the resulting bio-nanocomposite was used for the fabrication of sensor surface by drop and cast method. Electrochemical characteristics of the fabricated sensor were understood using cyclic, differential pulse voltammetry (CV, DPV) and electrochemical impedance analysis for the detection of Epn in phosphate buffer (pH 7.4). CV and impedance analysis revealed that the Chit-fCNT modified electrode enhances the electrodic reaction of Epn and facilitated the electron transfer more readily compared to that of bare electrode. Applying DPV for the detection of Epn, achieved 30 nM as the lowest detection limit in the determination range of 0.05–10 μM and the analytical time as low as 10 s. Selective determination of Epn against the coexistence of a number of biological electroactive interferents and reproducible results for the determination of Epn were demonstrated. The present biosensor has been found efficient for successful direct determination of Epn from pharmaceutical adrenaline formulations and urine samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-99
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume79
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Artificial urine
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Chitosan
  • Electrochemical biosensor
  • Epinephrine
  • Raman spectroscopy

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